Flora and Fauna: Mostly evergreen and semi-evergreen forests with shoal–grassland habitat at elevations above 1400m.
Mammals: They include the tiger, leopard, wild dog, jackal, lion-tailed macaque, common langur, sloth bear, gaur, sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, Malabar giant squirrel, giant flying squirrel, porcupine, and the mongoose.
Birds: The Malabar trogon, great pied hornbill, Malabar whistling thrush, and the imperial pigeon can be found.
Kudremukh is a mountain in Chikmagalur district, in Karnataka , India . The name literally means 'horse-face' and refers to one picturesque view of a side of the mountain. The name also refers to the small town near the mountain, about 48 kilometers from Karkala and about 20 kilometers from Kalsa. It was primarily an iron ore mining town where the government run Kudremukh Iron Ore Company Limited (KIOCL) which is closed due to aesthetic and conservation purposes. It is noted for its scenic beauty, located in midst of mountains. Built on lines of colonial towns this place is worth a visit. Owning to the dense forests, sighting wildlife can be challenging, though the area is rich in wildlife. Nonetheless the drive through the forest ranges can be enchanting and exhilarating. Three important rivers, the Tunga, the Bhadra and the Nethravathi are said to have their origin here. A shrine of goddess Bhagavathi and a Varaha image, 1.8 m within a cave are the main attractions.
The Tunga river and Bhadra river flow freely through the parklands. Kadambi waterfalls area definite point of interest for anyone who travels to the spot.
The animals found there include the malabar civet , wild dogs , sloth bear and spotted deer .
The Kudremukh National Park (latitudinal range 13°01'00" to 13°29'17" N, longitudinal range 75°00'55' to 75°25'00" E) is the largest declared Wildlife Protected Area (600 km²) of a tropical wet evergreen type of forest in the Western Ghats. The Western Ghats is one of the twenty five hot spots identified for bio-diversity conservation in the world. Kudremukh National Park comes under the Global Tiger Conservation Priority-I, under the format developed jointly by Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and World Wide Fund-USA.
The park is adjoining to Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary on the western side and is linked to Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary through a narrow stretch of Reserved Forests on the southern edge. The southern & western sides of the Park form the steep slope of the Western Ghat ridge line, with the altitude varying from 100 m - 1892 m (peak). The northern, central and the eastern portions of the park form a chain of rolling hills with a mosaic of natural grassland and shola forest. Kudremukh receives an average annual rainfall of 7000 mm, which has evolved forest types of mainly evergreen or semi-evergreen climax forests in the region.
The national park is home to many natural attractions, which can be visited with a special permit available at the National Park.
Some of the important tourist attractions are
Hanumana Gundi Waterfalls:-
Located 32 km from the Kalasa, the water fall has water falling onto Natural rock formations from a height of more than 100 feet (30 m). Getting into falls involves some trekking. The best time to visit this place is between October and May.
The British Government declared Kudremukh region as a Reserved Forest in 1916, to stop rampant slash and burn cultivation practices from penetrating deeper into the Ghats. Well known environmentalist and Tiger expert Dr. Ullas Karanth , undertook a detailed and systematic survey of the distribution of the endangered Lion Tailed Macaque in Karnataka during 1983-84 with support from Government of Karnataka. He observed that suitable and extensive rainforest habitat for Lion-tailed Macaque existed in Kudremukh and that the tract probably harbored the largest contiguous population of lion tailed macaques in the Western Ghats outside the Malabar region. He further suggested that Lion Tailed Macaques could be effectively used as a 'flagship' species to conserve the entire biotic community in the region and prepared a conservation plan for survival of wild population of Lion Tailed Macaques in the region delineating the present national park area as a proposed nature reserve. Based on his report, the Karnataka State Wildlife Advisory Board suggested to the Government that Kudremukh National Park be created. Subsequently, the first notification of the Kudremukh National Park was issued. In 1987, the Government of Karnataka declared these Reserved Forests as a National Park based on the above suggestion.
A diverse assemblage of endangered large mammals is found in the park supporting three large mammal predator species Tiger , Leopard and Wild Dogs . The important Tiger prey base found within the Park is Gaur , Sambar , Wild Pig , Muntjac , Chevrotain , Bonnet Macaque , Common Langur and the Lion Tailed Macaque .
Kudremukh receives an average annual rainfall of 7,000 mm. The wet climate and the tremendous water retentive capacity of the shola grasslands and forests has led to the formation of thousands of perennial streams in the region converging to form three major rivers of the region, Tunga, Bhadra and Nethravathi that form an important lifeline for the people of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
||351 km West of Bangalore
|By Rail: -
||Nearest rail head is Mangalore.
|By Road: -
||Kudremukh is connected by road to Chikmaglur, Mangalore and Sringeri.
||95 Kms South-West Of Chikmagalur, Karnataka.
||1,894.3 M Above Sea Level.
||Take NH4 to Nelamangala then NH48 to Sakleshpur via Channarayapatna and Hassan, state road to Kudremukh via Mudigere and Kalasa.
|When to go:-
||Cool climate around the year Dec - Feb
||KSTDC(bookings and info) Badami House, NR Square, Bangalore Tel: 080-2275869, Fax: 2352626 Email: email@example.com
|Where to stay :-
||Horticulture Department Guest Houses.
Forest Guest House.
PWD Guest Houses, Chikmagalur.
Iron Ore Guest House ,
Kudremukh. Ph: 08262 54148
Silent Valley Resorts ,
Kalasa. Ph: 08262 2214628
Naveen Lodge , Indira Gandhi Road, Chikmagalore. Ph: 08262 21647
Ph: 08262 35881 Fax: 08262 31169
Quality Inn , Indira Gandhi Road, Chikmagalore. Ph: 08262 21257
Woodlands , Chikmagalore. Ph: 08262 21897
Hotel Malnad Paradise , Chikmagalore. Ph: 08262 34531 & 34532
Taj Garden Retreat , Kadur Road, Chikmagalore. Ph: 08262 20202, 20404 & 20821. Fax: 08262 20222.