Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South
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- Vidurashwatha
- Gauribidanur, Kolar, Karnataka
---Jallianwala Bagh of South


Home
» Kolar » Vidurashwatha

Vidurashwatha is a tiny village situated in the Gauribidanur taluk of Kolar District (Near Chikkaballapur). Vidurashwatha is situated near the Andhra Pradesh (Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh) border and about 7 km from Gauribidanur. Vidurashwatha played a major role in the Indian independence movement.

The name Vidurashwatha is came from a huge Ashwatha (sacred fig) tree located in this village. According to a legend during the period of Mahabharata, this tree was planted by Vidura (Vidura was the illegitimate brother of Dhirtharashtra and Pandu), an aristocrat in the kingdom of Dhritarashtra.

On the way to Vidurashwatha from Gauribidanur.
On the way to Vidurashwatha from Gauribidanur.

He was an expert in Archery, Dhanur Vidya. This is how the name Vidurashwatha emerged. In the year 2001, this ancient Ashwatha tree fell to the ground.

On the way to Vidurashwatha from Gauribidanur.
On the way to Vidurashwatha from Gauribidanur.

The legend says that Yamadharma Raja was cursed to be born as a human being and was thus born as Vidura. After seeing all the bloodshed during the war, Vidura became remorseful and asked Krishna for salvation. Krishna asked him to go for a theerthayatra (pilgrimage).

Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.
Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.

After visiting many places, Vidura came to this place, which was actually a hermitage of Maithreya Maharishi. Once during sandhyavandhana in the river, Vidura got a small sapling when he was about to offer argya to Surya.

Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.
Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.

Maithreya Maharishi asked Vidura to worship the sapling to get salvation. With great devotion, Vidura worshiped the sapling and Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, pleased with the devotion, gave him dharshan, and thus the name of the location became Vidura Ashwatha.

Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.
Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.

Another story is that, a long time ago when the river was flowing rapidly, two brothers who could not cross the river took shelter on the other side of the river bank where there is a temple to Shiva.

Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South
Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.

In the night, one of the brothers dreamed that Ashwathnaryana came and asked the brother to worship him so that he and his future generations would be benefited. The next day the brother was found on the other side of the river bank under the great sacred fig (Ashwatha).

Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.
Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.

From then on, the worship of Ashwathnaryana was done by this family only. There is a Naga Devatha temple here and People do Prathistapana (Installing) of Naga Silas to Ward off Naga Doshas.

Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.
Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.

Vidura

Vidura was the illegitimate brother of Dhirtharashtra and Pandu. He was an expert in Archery, Dhanur Vidya. Lord Krishna was so impressed with his Archery, he made sure, when he visited Duryodhan to negotiate peace before the onset of the Mahabharata War, he made sure that Duryodhan insulted Vidura, as a result Vidura did not take part n the Battle. Vidura was also known for his Righteousness and moral judgment.

Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.
Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.

While everyone kept quiet when Draupadi was being stripped in the open court of Duryodhan, he was the lone figure to condemn the act, even Bhishma kept quiet on this occasion. His Vidura Needi, dealing with Dharma, Righteousness is a standard text.

Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.
Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.

Vidura had been on pilgrimage and he planted an Aswatha tree, near Gauribidanur taluk of Chikkaballapur. Vidura settled, after his misunderstanding with Duryodhan, Vidur Kuti , about 58 km from Kadarpur Nanu, Bijnaur district in the state of Western Uttar Pradesh, India.

Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.
Naga Silas at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.

He spent his last days in Gauribidanur taluk of Chikkaballapur (Karnataka).

Devotees at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.
Devotees at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.

Aswatha Vruksha
(Ficus religiosa or sacred fig)

Among all trees, the Aswatha is the most important for Himdus in India. In most of the places, a murthy (Idol) of God is consecrated below the tree, Most of the Naga or Sarpa Temples in Kerala are constructed below this fig & banyan tree.

Devotees at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.
Devotees at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.

Ficus religiosa or sacred fig is a species of fig native to Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, south-west China and Indochina. It belongs to the Moraceae, the fig or mulberry family.

Devotees at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.
Devotees at Naga Devatha temple - Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar.

It is also known as the Bo-Tree (from the Sanskrit Bodhi: "wisdom", "enlightened", and as a Sinhalization of this the Sinhala Bo) or Peepal or Pippal (in India and Nepal).

Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South
Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South.

Aswatha Vruksha Stotram

Moolatho Brahma roopaya, madhyatho Vishnu roopine,
Agratha Shiva roopaya Vruksha rajaya they nama.,
  1

Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South
Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South.

----- My salutations to the king of trees.
----- Whose root is the form of Brahma,
----- Middle is the form of Lord Vishnu,
----- And top is the form of Lord Shiva.

Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South
Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South.

Aswatha sarva papani satha janma arjithanicha,
Nudhaswa mama vrakshendra, sarva aiswarya pradho bhava.,
  2

Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South
Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South.

----- The holy fig tree pushes away, all sins earned,
----- In several hundred births, and Oh king of trees,
----- Please grant me all different types of wealth.

Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South
Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South.

Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South
Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South.

Jallianwala Bagh of south India


Vidurashwatha is also known as the “Jallianwala Bagh of south India” because a similar episode of smaller scale but of significant value took place at this place in the pre-independence period. On April 25, 1938, as a part of the freedom struggle of India, a group of villagers had congregated to organize a Satyagraha. Similar to what happened at Jallianwala Bagh, police fired indiscriminately at the group, resulting in the death of 10 people. A memorial has been erected in this location bearing the names of those who lost their lives in this incident.

Memorial at Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South.

Memorial at Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South.

A freedom movement was bravely fought and brutally suppressed.

Memorial at Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South.

The Mysore Praja Party which was formed in 1934 demanded Poorna Swaraj. Gandhiji's Satyagraha brought confidence in this part of Karnataka too. A yearly fair was to be held at Vidurashwatha between 22 nd April to 25 th April 1938, where thousands of people were expected to gather and participate in the incident. Under the leadership of N.C.Nagaiah Reddy, N.C.Thimma Reddy, T.Ramachar, Srinivas Rao and others, a Flag Satyagraha was planned during the same dates to catch the notice of many people. More or less 10,000 people marched peacefully to hoist the Congress National Flag. When the Police forced Lathi Charge the demonstration became severe. The Sub Inspector of Police Khaleel fired at the mob killing 10 people and wounding 35.

Gandhiji condemned the incident and wrote a letter to Diwan of Mysore, Sir Mirza requesting a responsible government. Gandhiji sent Vallabbhai Patel and Acharya Kripalani to meet the king and dewan of Mysore to discuss the situation. Patel-Mirza Pact was signed in May 1939 and agreed to withdraw ban on hoisting tricolour flag of National Congress. Second time state level Mysore Congress session was held in May 1939 at Vidurashwatha. Gandhiji himself visited Nandi Hills and discussed the unpleasant incident and inspired the freedom struggle further. Many English
news papers including BBC in London ported this incident. In 1973 memorial were built at the site of massacre to honour the martyrs. Veera Soudha was constructed in 2004 which has a photo gallery (describing various events of freedom struggle) and a library. It is surrounded by children's park, open air theatre and statues of freedom fighters.

Memorial at Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar, Jallianwala Bagh of South.

Tourist Info

Address:-
Vidurashwatha, Gauribidanur, Kolar
Karnataka, India.
Timings:-
The Temple Timings are Daily Morning 8 AM to 8.30 PM
Distance:-
Viduraswatha is 100 kms from Bangalore and 6 kms from Gauribidanur in Kolar dist.
By Road: -

First Reach Yelahanka in Bangalore, then Travel towards Chikkaballapur , then once you reach Chikkaballapur ask for Bus stand / Gauribidanur road then reach Gauribidanur. From Gauribidanur this place is 6 km away.

Airport: -
Kempagowda (Bangalore) International Airport.
Rail Station : -
Gauribidanur Station .
Route:-

NH7 to Chikkaballapur cross > Chikkaballapur > Gauribidanur > Vidurashwatha.

When to go:-
All year around.
Tourist offices:-
Main Booking Office & Tour Starting Point:
Opp. Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike Office, N.R. Square,
Bangalore 560 002
Tel:080-4334 4334, 4334 4337, 089706 50070 (6.00 am to 8.30pm)
Fax: 080-4334 4353
Email: enquiry@karnatakaholidays.net

Karnataka Tourism
No 49, Khanjia Bhavan, 2nd Floor, Near-Vittal Mallya Road, St Marks Road, Bangalore, Karnataka 560001
080 2235 2828

Where to stay :-

Chickballapur.

 
 
 
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