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Nandi Hills (Earlier Nandidurg) is a hill fortification near Bangalore, in the Chikkaballapur district of Karnataka state. It is 1478 meters (MSL 4851 ft.) above sea level. Nandidrug is generally known as Nandi Hills. It is located just 10 km from Chickballapur town and approximately 60 km from the city of Bangalore. The hills are nestled between the neighboring towns of Nandi, Muddenahalli, and Kanivenarayanapura. The hills are traditionally held as the origin of the Arkavathy river. Nandi Hills is the source of the three rivers Penner river, Ponnaiyar river and Palar river. Nandi Hills obtains its name from an ancient Nandi temple situated on Nandi hill. This temple has a thousand year old sculpture of Nandi. An ancient lord Shiva and Parvati temple also adorns this hill.
Nandi Hill is called 'Kushmandagiri' for, the sage Kushmanda performed austerities here. The Gangas enjoy the epithet of lords of Nandagiri after this hillock. The Jaina antiquity of the place is attested by a Shravana-tirtha. The place name Anandagiri (Hill of Pleasure) was changed into Nandagirihill of Nandi, the vehicle of Shiva during the time of the Cholas.
View from Nandi Hills (Nandidurg), Chikkaballapur.
There are many stories about the origin of the name Nandi Hills. During the Chola period, Nandi Hills was called Ananda Giri meaning The Hill of Happiness. Another story is that Yoga Nandeeshwara performed penance here, and so it was named after him. Nandi is also commonly called Nandidurga because of the fort build here by the ruler Tippu Sultan. It is also perhaps called Nandi Hills because the hill resembles a sleeping bull.
Holes in the fort wall for firing - Nandi Hills (Nandidurg), Chikkaballapur.
Another theory holds that the hill gets its name from an ancient, 1300 year old Dravidian style Nandi temple situated on this hill. An ancient, lord Shiva and Parvati temple also adorns this hill. The Bhoga Nandeeshwara Temple in Nandi village is one of the oldest temples in Karnataka dating back to the ninth century. The temple hewn out of rock consists of two complexes. While the first complex houses three deities, the second complex consists of a huge and majestic kalyani pond. The foundation of the temple was constructed by the Banas of ninth century. The Chola rulers of the 11th century constructed the roof of the temple. The marriage hall was built by the Hoysalas in the thirteenth century and a wall of the second complex was built by the Vijayanagar kings. Beautiful stone carvings are a popular tourist site and are a source of inspiration for students of art and architecture.
Road along with the fort wall - Nandi Hills (Nandidurg), Chikkaballapur.
Nandidurg (Nandi Hill) was usually apprehended unassailable. Nandi Hill is stormed by Lord Cornwallis in the year 1791 and that was one of the most prominent incidents of the first war against Tipu Sultan of Mysore. A description of the siege is given in Browne's History of Scotland and the records of the 71st Highlanders. Nandi Hill was previously a much loved resort for British Raj officials throughout the summer season. Francis Cunningham built the summer residence here for Sir Mark Cubbon.
Aerial view from Nandi Hills (Nandidurg), Chikkaballapur.
Nandi Hill is now a famous tourist spot throughout the year. The Karnataka state horticulture department maintains a garden for the tourists. The pressure of tourists on the environment here is great with a considerable problem of litter, noise and physical disturbance. Nandi Hills is located close to the Bangalore International Airport. In addition, the hills are located about 20 km from the National Highway (NH-7) just after Devanahalli Town. Due to its location, Nandi Hills is rapidly developing and numerous commercial and residential ventures are underway in the region.
Secret Escape Route - A secret passage on the west, is believed to have helped the Kings to escape during unforeseen attacks - Nandi Hills, Chikkaballapur.
Development at Nandi Hills
Nandi Hills are currently undergoing a multi-crore development, including a one crore renovation of the Tipu Fort, via private-public partnership to transform the hills into a tourist hub. The Department of Horticulture is setting up a food court modeled after one in Singapore at a cost of nearly one crore at the hill station.
Tipu's Drop - the famous place from where Tippu Sultan threw his condemned prisoners to death - Nandi Hills (Nandidurg), Chikkaballapur.
Various varieties of vegetarian and continental food, beverages, bakery products, ice-creams and fresh fruit juices will be available. A 30 lakh music stage located on a three-and-a-half acre grove, which has hundreds of eucalyptus trees and rain trees, will conduct cultural programmes. Furthermore, the Horticulture department is developing 140 acres (0.57 km2) of pristine land in the Nandi Hills region with the creation of a large scale exotic botanical gardens. A state of the art Planetarium with an initial one crore investment is also being constructed. A Gondola Lift system will connect the peak of the Nandi Hill with the nearby Muddenahalli.
Newly made view point stand beside Hotel Mayura Pine Top - Nandi Hills.
Real estate in the Nandi Hills region is rapidly appreciating due to its location - it is close to the new Bangalore International Airport at Devanahalli, the textile capital at Doddaballapur, as well as the Muddenahalli-Kanivenarayanapura region. Further, with the upcoming Sri VS University, and Sri Sathya Sai Baba University, SJCRV(sri Jagadguru Chandrashekharanatha Swamiji Rural Vidyaniketan)are present very close to nandi Hills.The area is set to become an important educational hub.
Garden infront of Hotel Mayura Pine Top - Nandi Hills, Chikkaballapur.
Tipu's lodge is a rectangular two-storeyed structure built in east-west orientation measuring 12m x 7m and is situated within a fortified area on the summit of the hill. Constructed of brick, mortar and wood, it has a series of compartments. Towards the east end there is a flight of steps leading to a verandah which in turn leads to the rooms built in the north. The walls accommodate niches and originally appear to have been decorated with paintings. The verandah has pierced balustrades. Tipu Sultan is said to have stayed in this building whenever he visited the place during expedition/hunting.
wintering site for many migrant species of warblers, flycatchers and thrushes.
Rain in Nandi Hills (Nandidurg, Nandidrug, Nandydroog, Kushmandagiri, Nandagiri , Anandagiri), Chikkaballapur.
The hills are now a popular tourist spot during summer. The state horticulture department maintains a garden for the tourists. The pressure of tourists on the environment here is great with a considerable problem of litter, noise and physical disturbance. Skanda giri is a nearby tourist place.
A place to rest - Nandi Hills (Nandidurg), Chikkaballapur.
Fort - The fort is on a sprawling area of 90 acres and is above 4851 feet above sea level. A soldier could hide in this well constructed fort and shoot in all four directions at the same time.
Tipu's Drop - the famous place from where Tippu Sultan threw his condemned prisoners to death
Amruth Sarovar - A beautiful water lake that brims with lucid water all the year round.
Way to Tipu's point - Nandi Hills (Nandidurg), Chikkaballapur.
Tipu's Summer Palace - During the Ganga period, the Chikkaballapur chieftains built a fort. Tippu strengthened it further and also build a rest house. This used to be Tippus summer bungalow. It is not open to the general public.
Horse Way - A stone doorway in the fort on the North-eastern side, is believed to have been the horse way for helping soldiers to climb the wall on horse back.
Secret Escape Route - A secret passage on the west, is believed to have helped the Kings to escape during unforeseen attacks.
Temples - there are temples dedicated to Sri Bhoga Narasimha, Sri Ugra Narasimha and Sri Yoga Narasimha and you can see beautiful old temples.
Nandi Hills (Nandidurg), Chikkaballapur, Karnataka.
Gavi Veerbhadra Swamy temple - on top of the hill, on the way to the Sultanpet, from Tippus palace, natural formation of huge boulders has been transformed into a magnificent temple.
Children's Playground - The Horticulture department maintains a lovely garden for children to play games like the slides, merry-go-round, swings etc.
Nehru Nilaya - where Jawaharlal Nehru used to stay, now a guest house of the horticulture department of India.
Gandhi House - where the Mahatma himself stayed, is under the management of DPAR (Protocol) Government of Karnataka and is reserved for the stay of important dignitaries.
Nandi Hills (Nandidurg, Nandidrug, Nandydroog, Kushmandagiri, Nandagiri , Anandagiri), Chikkaballapur.
Brahmashram - it is said that Sage Ramakrishna meditated here.
Muddenahalli - Kanivenarayanapura - the home town of Sir M. Visvesvaraya, the legendary architect of modern Karnataka. Along with Kanivenarayanapura, it is the site of the upcoming Sri Sathya Sai Baba University and College of Medicine, 600 crore Visvesvaraya Institute of Advanced Technology, and a 70 crore "Silk City".
Amruth Sarovar - A beautiful water lake that brims with lucid water all the year round - Nandi Hills (Nandidurg), Chikkaballapur.
Bhoganandishwaraswamy Temple - Nandi At the foot of Nandi Hills is this place with "Bhoganandishwaraswamy Temple", it is a Wonderful Place. (A Must visit) More >
Paapagni - The Panchanandikshtra. Visit it is Only 3 km from Chikballapur. (A Must visit)
Chikballapur - Sri M.Visveswaraya done his school Days in this place. And Also visit SSS Temple (Sri Shirdi Sai Baba, Sri Subramanya, Sri Shanimahaathma Temple), H.S. Garden, Chikballapur.
Apart from these, there are other interesting places like Anjaneya temple, Nellikayi Basavanna, Antaragange, Baananthi Bande, Bhoga Nandeeshwara temple etc.
Steps to reach Amruth Sarovar - A beautiful water lake that brims with lucid water all the year round - Nandi Hills (Nandidurg), Chikkaballapur.
Nandi Hills is the source of the Penner, Ponnaiyar, Palar and Arkavathy rivers. As many as six rivers like the Palar, North and South Pennar, Chitravati, Arkavati and Papagni rise in and near about this hillock.
Entrance of the fort at Nandi Hills (Nandidurg), Chikkaballapur.
Check out the vineyards, grapes and cracked mustard seeds if you are lucky you can see them on the roads where the farmers spread them so that your car can thrash them. Also look out for cracks in the fort wall, which allow you to go outside and get some spectacular views of the plains below, eagles soaring level to your eyes. However, be careful as the terrain falls steeply down and a fall will certainly crack most of our body.
Entrance of the fort at Nandi Hills (Nandidurg), Chikkaballapur.
Paragliding - As at any paragliding site, keep the basics in mind and the time of the year and day and your flying skill in mind. Nandi hills is a fantastic place to fly from. Plenty of flat land all around the hills. Please look out for power lines when selecting a field for landing. There is usually a designated landing field. Fly Like a bird ! Tandem Paragliding is safe and exhilarating !!
Tandem paragliding is perfect for those who would like to try paragliding for the first time. This exciting introduction to paragliding allows you to fly with an experienced pilot and enjoy every moment in the sky. Tandem Paragliding requires very little in terms of physical abilities. You should be reasonably fit, weigh between 45kgs - 85 Kgs & should not have severe health problems. Contact us to book a tandem flight on 91 94482-25707 or write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Bicycling at Nandi Hills.
Cycling - Lot of bicycling clubs in Bangalore are into weekend cycling trips. High endurance levels are required to cycle uphill.
Trekking - Plenty of trekking opportunities around the region. You can also go for a wild trek on the backside of the hill.
Entry fee is 10 Rs per person. You have to buy the ticket from the bus stop area. There's a ticket for Rs 100 for parking car. If you are paying Rs 100 for parking then no need to buy seperate entry ticket for all passengers. Two wheeler parking charge is Rs 20.
The entry and exit times are now limited to 6 am to 6 pm to avoid crimes.
Engraving of a north by east view of Nandidrug in Karnataka by W. Thomas after an original drawing by Lieutenant Colonel Claude Martin published for the European Magazine in 1792. The fort of Nandidrug is situated on top of an imposing perpendicular rock 1,500 feet high. In the time of Haidar Ali (r.1761-1782) and Tipu Sultan (r.1782-1799) the fort was encircled by a double line of ramparts. Although it was considered impregnable, the fortress was stormed and taken by British troops led by Lord Cornwallis on the 18th of Oct 1791.
Watercolor view by Colin Mackenzie of the fortress of Nandidurg during the British siege of 1791. Nandi Hills (Nandidurg, Nandidrug, Nandydroog, Kushmandagiri, Nandagiri , Anandagiri), Chikkaballapur.
The climate at the top of the hill made it particularly of interest to horticulturists. Several species of plant were introduced into an experimental garden. Firminger's manual notes that several species of Anona were grown at this garden and also notes the peculiarity of Hypericum mysorense -
Brown's Hotel in Nandi Hills or Nandidurg in the Chikkaballapur district of Karnataka - c1880's - Nandi Hills (Nandidurg, Nandidrug, Nandydroog, Kushmandagiri, Nandagiri , Anandagiri), Chikkaballapur.
Cancellation depicts Nandi, a bull. The Nandi Hills, above 1370 meters above sea level, has got its name due to its Bull like shape. Cancellation was introduced on 9th June 1989.
||60 km North of Bangalore
|By Road: -
2 Hours - There is a motorable road to the top of the hill.Beware there is only one road to the top. You can expect vehicles coming from the other side as well. Buses ply from Bangalore.There are two roads to the top one that goes through Chikballapur and the other that goes through Doddaballapur.The latter is the fastest way to reach the top around 2 hrs while the former takes more than 3 hrs.
If you are going by bus, you will get KSRTC bus from Majestic Platform no. 10. There is a bus to the top at 8.30 AM. You will get KSRTC buses from the Hills to Banglore. Bus timings are 2.30, 4.15 and 5.00 PM
There are no buses in afternoon(12PM - 4 PM) from Bangalore so make sure that you arrive before time. The charge is around 40 /- per head.
If you miss the direct bus to the top of Nandi Hills, take a bus to Chikballapur from KSRTC bus stand (Majestic) Platform no. 10. From Chikballapur there are frequent buses to the top.
NH7 to Devanahalli via Yelahanka then state road to Nandi Hills via Betta Cross.
|When to go:-
||All year around.
In the rainy season it is extremely wet on the hill. A summer visit will make you spell bound. It's best if you are on top of the hill before sunrise. The wind, fog and clouds that blow towards you in the morning is just amazing.
||Main Booking Office & Tour Starting Point:
Opp. Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike Office, N.R. Square,
Bangalore 560 002
Tel:080-4334 4334, 4334 4337, 089706 50070 (6.00 am to 8.30pm)
Fax: 080-4334 4353
No 49, Khanjia Bhavan, 2nd Floor, Near-Vittal Mallya Road, St Marks Road, Bangalore, Karnataka 560001
080 2235 2828
|Where to stay :-
There are well-furnished bungalows for lodging and good catering establishments. For reservation of accommodation, the Director of Horticulture, Lalbagh , Bangalore- 2. Tel:91 - 080 - 26611925.
Lalbagh, Bangalore-560004. Phone:080-26579231. (Between March 15th to July 15th)
Nandi Hill Station, Chikkaballapur Taluk,
Kolar district. Phone:08156-2678621. (Between July 16th to March 14th)
Hotel Mayura Pine Top, managed by KSTDC. Tel: 91 - 08156 - 250906 / 91 - 08156 - 278624. No phone booking, booking on first come first served basis. Only three rooms.
Hotel Shantisagar - (Lodge & Restaurant) in Chikballapur on the main Bangalore-Hyderabad highway NH-7, B.B.Road.
Hotel Sowmya - (Lodge & Restaurant)in Chikballapur on the main Bangalore-Hyderabad highway NH-7, B.B.Road.
Mayura Deluxe Lodge - B.B.Road Chickballapur Mob:8050327731.
A couple enjoing the view of Nandi Hills.
Temple of Nandi (Bull) at Nandi Hills.
Skandhagiri Hill near Nandi Hills.
Beautiful road at Nandi Hills.
On the way to Nandi Hills.