There are various legends of how the name Shivamogga has evolved. According to one legend, the name Shivamogga is related to the Hindu God Shiva. Shiva-Mukha (Face of Shiva), Shivana-Moogu (Nose of Shiva) or Shivana-Mogge (Flowers to be offered to Shiva) can be the origins of the name "Shivamogga". Another legend indicates that the name Shivamogga is derived from the word Sihi-Moge which means sweet pot. According to this legend, Shivamogga once had the ashram of the sage Durvasa. He used to boil sweet herbs in an earthen pot. Some cowherds, found this pot and after tasting the sweet beverage named this place Sihi-Moge. More »
Being part of the richly forested Malnad region, Shivamogga district is the home of various species of flora and fauna. Some of these regions have been protected and classified as wildlife sanctuaries to ensure the progress of these species:
Gudavi Bird Sanctuary : This is located in Sorab Taluk. Spread over an area of 0.74 km², it comprises a large water tank covering 0.30 ha and a patch of dense moist deciduous forest.
Flora: Species of flora found here are Vitex leucoxylon, Phyllanthus polyphyllus, Terminalia bellerica, Terminalia paniculata, Terminalia chebula, Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Dalbergia latifolia, Adina cprdifolia, Xylia xylocarpa, Caryota urens, Ficus bengalensis, Ficus religiosa, Butea monosperma, Santalum album, Diospyros melanoxylon, Madhuca indica and Kirangamelia reticulata.
Fauna: 191 species have been recorded here, of which 63 are water-dependent. 20 species are known to breed here. Water birds in the sanctuary include the white ibis, darter, little cormorant, Indian shag, cattle egret, little egret, large egret, spoonbill, grey heron, purple heron, pond heron, night heron, coot, pheasant-tailed jacana, purple swamphen, common sandpiper, little ringed plover, little grebe and cotton teal. An average of about 8000 white ibis is known to visit this sanctuary every year.
Sharavathi Valley Wildlife Sanctuary: This is located in Sagar Taluk. It has evergreen and semi-evergreen forests with its Easter portion adjoining the Linganamakki reservoir.
Flora: The species found here are Dipterocarpus indicus, Calophyllum tomentosum and Machilus macrantha, Caryota urens, Aporosa lindleyana, Calycoteris floribunda, Gnetum scandens, Entada scandens, Acacia consinna and Acacia intia. In the semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, common species include Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Hopea parviflora, Dalbergia latifolia, Dillenia pentagyna, Careya arborea, Emblica officinalis, Randia sp., Terminalia sp. and Vitex altissima.
Fauna: The main animals here are gaurs and groups of lion-tailed macaque. Other mammals include tiger, leopard (black panther), wild dog, jackal, sloth bear, spotted deer, sambar deer, barking deer, mouse deer, wild pig, common langur, bonnet macaque, Malabar giant squirrel, giant flying squirrel, porcupine, otters and pangolins. Reptiles include king cobra, [[python, rat snake, crocodile and monitor lizard. Avian species found here are three species of hornbill, Asian Paradise-flycatcher, Racket-tailed Drongo, Blue-throated Barbet and lories and lorikeets.
Shettihalli Wildlife Sanctuary: It lies adjacent to Shimoga town and has forests ranging from dry deciduous to semi-evergreen and is spread over an area of 395.6 km².
Flora: Trees of the dry deciduous parts include Terminalia tomentosa, Terminalia bellerica, Gmelina arborea, Tectona grandis, Anogeissus latifolia, Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Wrightia tinctoria, Cassia fistula and Emblica officinalis. In the moist deciduous forest, species such as Adina cordifolia, Xylia xylocarpa, Grewia tilaefolia and Kydia Calycina are found. Bamboos, Dendrocalamus strictus and Bambusa arundinacea, are also typical of these forests. The semi-evergreen forests are represented by species of Dipterocarpus, Michelia, Hopea, Schleichera and Bambusa. Plantations of Acacia auriculiformis, Tectona grandis and Grevillea robusta exist in the sanctuary.
Fauna: Mammals in the sanctuary include tiger, leopard, wild dog, jackal, gaur, elephant, sloth bear, sambar deer, spotted deer, wild pig, common langur, bonnet macaque, common mongoose, striped-necked mongoose, porcupine, Malabar giant squirrel, giant flying squirrel and pangolin. Python, cobra, king cobra, rat snake and marsh crocodile are among the reptiles found in the sanctuary. Birds include hornbills, kingfishers, bulbuls, parakeets, doves, pigeons, kingfishers, babblers, flycatchers, munias, swallows, woodpeckers, peafowl, jungle fowl and partridges. A tiger and lion safari at a place called Tyavarekoppa was created in the north eastern part of the sanctuary in the year 1988.
Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary was started in 1951 as Jagara Valley Game Sanctuary covering an area of about 252 km². It was combined with the surrounding Lakkavalli forests in the year 1972 and given its present name of Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary. It now spans an area of 492 km². It has two component areas Muthodi and Lakkavalli. Some of the wild animals found in this sanctuary are tiger, leopard, wild dog, jackal, elephant, gaur, sloth bear, sambar deer, spotted deer, monitor lizard, barking deer, wild boar, common langur, bonnet macaque, slender loris and the Malabar giant squirrel. Some of the bird species found here are shama, Malabar whistling thrush, various species of bulbuls, woodpeckers, hornbills and pigeons, drongos and Asian paradise flycatcher. The sanctuary has been recently adopted under a tiger-conservation project called 'Project Tiger' which is an initiative from the Indian Government. Best season to visit is from October to February.
Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary is located on the NH-13 at a distance of 30 km. from Shivamogga town on the way to Thirthahalli. This is a small island surrounded by Tunga river and the birds found here are median egret, cormorant, darter and snakebird.
Tyavarekoppa Lion Safari lies about 10 km. from Shivamogga town on the way to Sagar. Lions, tigers and deer are housed here in an enclosed area and a safari is organised.
Sakrebailu Elephant Camp lies 14 km. from Shivamogga town on the way to Thirthahalli. As the name suggests, this is a training camp where elephants undergo training from mahouts.
Jog Falls : This is the 11th highest waterfall in India and ranks 313 in the list of highest waterfalls in the world. With a total height of 253 mts; this is where the river Sharavathi falls into a deep gorge in four distinct flows of water which are termed as Raja, Rani, Rover and Rocket. Jog Falls lies in Sagar Taluk and is 30 km. from the town of Sagar
Kunchikal Falls : Having a height of 455 mts, Kunchikal Falls is the highest waterfall in India and ranks 116 in the list of highest waterfalls in the world. This waterfall is located near Agumbe and is formed by the Varahi river. The hydropower is used for the production of electricity.
Barkana Falls : Located near Agumbe and 80 km. from Thirthahalli town, Barkana Falls is the 10th highest waterfall in India and ranks 308 in the list of highest waterfalls in the world.
Achakanya Falls : This is near a place called Aralsuruli, 10 km from the town of Thirthahalli on the way to Hosanagara. This is also formed by the Sharavathi river.
Vanake-Abbey Falls : In the heart of Malnad forests, this waterfall is located 4 km. from Agumbe.
Hidlamane Falls : A significant amount of trekking takes one to these falls located near Nittur in Hosanagara Taluk.
Dabbe Falls : This waterfall is located near a place called Hosagadde in Sagar taluk. On the road from Sagar to Bhatkal, Hosagadde lies at a distance of about 20 km from the town of Kargal . From Hosagadde a walk of 6-8 km into the forest, leads one to Dabbe Falls .
Linganamakki dam: This dam is built across the Sharavathi river and is located 6 km. from the Jog Falls . It is also the location of the Mahatma Gandhi Hydro-electric project which has a power generating capacity of 55 MW. Water which is released from this dam flows into the Jog Falls . The best sight of the Jog Falls is in the monsoon season when excess water is released from this dam.
Bhadra River dam: This dam lies across Bhadra River at Lakkavalli, a distance of 20 km from Bhadravathi City . The whole design of this dam was done by Sir. M. Vishweshwaraiah, the then Chief Engineer of Karnataka State . The dam mainly serves the purpose of irrigation in and around Bhadravathi Taluk and Tarikere Taluk of Chikkamagaluru district.
Gajanur dam: This dam is built across the river Tunga in a village called Gajanur, 12 km from Shimoga city on the National Highway NH-13 (the road that goes to Thirthahalli).
River sources and confluences
Koodli: Located 16 km. from the Shivamogga city, Koodli is the place where the two rivers, Tunga and Bhadra join and become Tungabhadra river, one of the largest tributaries of the river Krishna . Koodli also contains two temples of the Hoysala era, one dedicated to the Hindu God, Rameshwara and the other to Narasimha. An inscription in the temple indicates that in the year 1313, the Hoysala king, Veera Ballala III provided grants to the temple. Koodli also contains a religious institution called Koodli Matth, which propagates philosophy of Shankara.
Ambuteertha : Located 10 km. from Thirthahalli on the Thirthahalli-Hosanagara road, Ambuteertha is the source of the river Sharavathi. Starting from here, Sharavathi travels westwards to reach the Arabian Sea near Honnavar, 132 km. away.
Varadamoola : Located 6 km. from Sagar town, Varadamoola is the source of the river Varada. Varada flows through the town of Banavasi before joining Tungabhadra.
Hill stations and beyond
Agumbe west of Shivamogga city is at a distance of 90 km. The altitude here is 826 meters, and the place is famous for its enchanting Sunsets. As the Sun sets, it takes on different colours and this is reflected by the Arabian sea .
Kavaledurga is a magnificent fort located on a hill at an altitude of 5,056 feet (1,541 m).
Kodachadri Hills is 115 km. from Shivamogga city. At an altitude of 1,411 ft (430 m) This hill station provides great views of the forests of the western ghats in Shivamogga and Dakshina Kannada districts. This good weekend getaway is only now being discovered by those other than hardy trekkers.
Kundadri has unique rock formations and has good views
Chibbalagudde, Thirthahalli , Very calm, nice place which is in bank of tunga river, Siddivinayaka temple, Fish's are like Sringeri and more...
Places to see Taluk wise
It is 16 Kms from Shimoga on Holehonnur, Channagiri Road , Rivers Tunga and Bhadra -Joins here. hence the name Koodali. As the rivers joins Tunga- Bhadra was born. It flows overwellemingly from here.
Koodali is also a religious centre. It is also called as south Varanasi, Mahaprayaga and Rushyashrama, Brahmeswara, Narashima and Rameshwsra temples, and 600 years old mutt at shankaracharya is here inscriptions of Hoysala and Ikkeri Kings are found here.
It is 10Kms. from Shimoga on Thirthahalli Road . A Dam is constructed across the river Tunga. It is 580'in width and 60'in height. Upper Tunga project has an inspection Bungalow, reservation authority The executive engineer, Upper Tunga Projects Shimoga, Telephone No 08182-22972.
It is 32 Kms. from Shimoga on Thirthahalli Road . It is a Bird Sanctuary on Tunga River . Birds like Lgret, Carmorent Darter, Snake Bird are found. The season starts during May and November.
It located in the middle of Shimoga City , on the banks of Tunga river. The palace is built by Keladi Rule Shivappa
Nayaka during 16th century. The palace is entirely built of rose wood. State department of Archeology is maintaining the museum, which has a collection of stone carvings and antiquities of the Keladi period. A rest house is available for the tourist. Reservation authority the Assistant Director of State Archeology ,Shivappanaika palace, Shimoga. Telephone 08182-23362.
Sacred Heart Church
The church is built in the middle of Shimoga city on B.H road .The architecture of the church is in Roman graphic style. The church is said to be the 2nd largest church in India .The church is about 18000 square feet in area with a big prayer hall. Which has the capacity of 5000 peoples. The attractive statue of Jesus attracts tourists and pilgrims
Elephant Camp (Shakrebyle)
Elephant t camp is 13 Kms. from Shimoga on Thirthahalli Road, located on the banks of the Tunga reservoir, everyday morning all the elephants take their bath and proceed to near by forest for their rounds after 10 A.M Tourist should reach this spot before 9 A.m. City buses are available at 7.30, 8.30 and 10 A.M.
Tiger / Lion Safari
This Safari is located at Tavarekopoa 10 Kms away from Shimoga in B.H road (N.H 206),Sagar route. Forest department has set-up the Shettihalli Lion Safari, where we can see some Tigers,Lions,Chita,Bear,Deer,Birds etc Children recreation facilities are available and it will be opening at about 9 A.M to 5 P.M everyday except Tuesday that is holiday. Almost all buses to Sagar will stop here.
Chandragutti is situated at a distance of 16 Kms. to west of Sorab. Chandragutti is a religious center .The temples of Renuka devi wife of Jamadhangi and mother of Parushurama is prominent temple attracting pilgrims from all parts of Karnataka.
Kubetoor is 30 Kms. form Sorab town . there are several old temples Known for architectural beauty ,old temples Veerabhadra, Durgi and other temples are worth to visit.
Gudavi is a bird sanctuary 16Kms. from Soraba town on Banavasi road. There is a mud road from Chitrattihalli to the bird sanctuary. Verities of birds could be seen in the bird sanctuary from may till November .The wild life section of Forest Department has set-up a few towers for the benefit of tourists.
Bhadravathi is a important industrial center in Shimoga district . This is 19 Kms from Shimoga. Sir. M. Vishveshwaraiah Iron and Steel Works, Mysore paper mills, Sugar factories are worth to visit, permission from the respective factories are required to visit factory. All India Radio has a broadcasting station in this place.
This is at a distance of 28 Kms. from Shimoga. Bhadra dam is constructed across river Bhadra, The height of dam is 194 .There is an electricity generating station adjescent to dam. The fisheries Department has set-up some aqua farms nearby. Visitors are allowed between 10.A.M and 6.P.M there are inspection Banglows of Irrigation Department. One situated at dam, and the other in the village. Rooms have to be booked in advance through assistant executive engineer at B.R.P ph 37292
Lakshmi narashima Temple
this is a Threecutachala temple of 13th century. the temple architecture is very similar to Hoysala type of architecture, The temple is located at city center of Bhadravathi ,and attracts tourists and pilgrims from all parts of Karnataka.
Humcha is pilgrim center for Jains which is 54 Kms from Shimoga and 25 Kms . from Thirthahalli . The panchkuta Basati ( Jain Temple ) of 10th ,11th century, Padmavathi temple and jain Mutt are worth visiting.
This is a hill station ,4411 feet high above sea level, situated at a distance of 16 Kms. from Nagara. Wherein good road up to the bottom of the hill, and one has to walk about 3 Kms. to reach the top of the hill. There is an inspection Bungalow. From the top of the hill one can sea the beautiful landscape and sunset.
Nagara is at a distance of 19Kms. from Hosanagara. This was called "Bendanoor" earlier during the 16th century, this was the last capital city of Keladi rulers in 1763,Hyder Ali captured this area. Shivappanaika palace, fort, Devagana tank ,Neelakenteshwara temple and Gudde Venkataramana Swamy temple are worth to visit.
Thirthahalli is a taluk head quarters, amidst dense forest and is about 65 Kms. from Shimoga Rameshwara Temple is located on the bank of river Tunga and attracts tourist and pilgrims for holy bath during the month of January every year.
Agumbe is at a distance of about 80Kms. from Shimoga via Thirthahalli .
This is a famous place for viewing sunset. Abbey falls is Nearby Agumbe There is a small inspection Bungalow ,Maintained by the public works department ,Reservation authority is the Assistant Executive Engineer, P.W.D, Theerthalli phone 28532.
This situated at a distance of about 16 Kms. east of Thirthahalli and 81 Kms. from Shimoga. This is fascinating locality which is the birth place of the great poet "KUVEMPU". There is the famous spot here know as Kavishilla where where the poet in his young days used it sit and contemplate.
This is 10 Kms. from Thirthahalli on Hosanagara road, this is the birth place of the river Sharavathi.
This is 8 Kms. from Thirthahalli on Koppa road, good number of different types of fishes could be seen in the river Tunga.
Kavaledurga is at a distance of 16 Kms. from Thirthahalli. It is 5056' above the sea level . there is a fort on the hill .
A great place for trekking. Is on the way from Theerthalli to Masthikatte at a distance of about 12 km from Theerthalli. A Jain temple is perched on top of the hill. The view from the top the hill is really spellbinding. Kundadri hill is in fact a single gigantic monolithic rock formation with various outgrowths. A rough stone paved path leads one to the top of the hill. Packing some light refreshments and moving on to ascend the hill would be really a great idea.
Belligave is 20 Kms. from Shikaripura and 80Kms. from Shimoga. This was the capital of Banvasi Nadu during 12th century. Keshareshwara temple ,Panchalinga temple. Kaithaleshwara and Thripuramthakeshwara temple are known for the architectural beauty. There are few Veerashivas Mutts.
This is 7 Kms. from Shikaripura. There is a fort .This is the birth place of Akkamadevi.
This is 10 Kms. from Shikaripura. The tourist comes from neighboring districts, Kumudvathi river is flowing here. A tank is constructed across this river. The tank is also called as Madaga Masuru Tank or Bageerathi Tank. This is an ideal picnic spot for tourists.
Thalagunda is at a distance of four Kms. from Belligave. Several inscriptions are found in this are Pranshwara temple is worth to visit. To the east of Thalagunda "Prathudeva Gaddige" is situated.
Bandalike is 35 Kms. to north of Shikaripura. It has many temples and Basadies. In the temples we will find sculptures and writings of Kadambas and Rashtrakutas period. Shanthinath Basadi ,Someshwara Threemurthi and Sahasralinga temples are very important temples and historical place.
This is at a distance of 5 Kms. from Sagar. During the time of Vijayanagara rulers. This was capital of Keladi rulers , Aghoreshwara temple is worth to visit.
This is at a distance of 8Kms. form Sagar ,It is a village ,which was also the capital of Keladi Nayakas for some time. There is a museum well maintained in this place. Temples of Rameshwara ,Veerabhadra are worth to visit.
This is the birth place of river Varada ,which is 6Kms. from Sagar. The river Varada will become one of the covering a few miles.
The world famous jog falls is situated at a distance of 104Kms. from Shimoga via Sagar and Talaguppa. This is also called Sharavathi falls. The right of the falls is 900feet .the river Sharavathi takes a spectacular leap at the height of 292m in four distinct falls - Raja,Rani,Roorer and Rocket to form the highest water falls in India . The best time to visit falls is soon after the monsoon during July and August.
Honnemaradu is about 25Kms. from Sagar via Talguppa road. Where back water of Sharavathi river will be stored. This is one of the excellent place for adventure water sports in the state. Department of tourism has been provide an amount of Rs. 5 lakhs to water sports development board.
Heggodu is 8 Kms. from Sagar. This is a famous place for which is having Drama training institute called NEENASAM with well equipped indoor auditorium Dr. Shivarama Karantha Ranga Mandira.
Near Linganamakki village ,dam is constructed across the river Sharavathi river. This dam comes under Shimoga district in Sagar taluk ,it is 6 Kms. from Jog Falls .The height of the dam is 1819 feet above sea level. Linganamakki dam is the main feeder reservoir of Mahatma Gandhi Hydro Electric Project in Jog.
Kannor Fort is 25 Kms. from Kargal on Bhattkal road. The fort of Keladi dynasty is 150 meters away from main road .The queen was exporting spices to European countries. The is popularly called as spices queen (Sambru Mennsina Rani).
Road Shivamogga has a total road length of 6632 km. of which 222 km. belong to the National Highways and 402 km. belong to State Highways.
National Highways: Shivamogga has two National Highways passing through it:
NH-13 ( Sholapur - Mangalore): Starting from the district's border with Davangere, this road passes through the cities of Shivamogga and Thirthahalli on to the Chikkamagaluru border.
NH-206 ( Bangalore - Honnavar): Starting from the district's border with Chikkamagaluru, this road passes through the cities of Bhadravathi, Shivamogga and Sagar on to the district's border with Uttara Kannada.
State Highways: Shivamogga has three State Highways passing through it:
SH-1 (Padubidri - Maharashtra border): Starting from the district's border with Udupi, this road passes through the towns of Agumbe, Thirthahalli, Shikaripura in Shivamogga district on to the district's border with Haveri.
SH-26 (Halageri - Hulikal) : Starting from the district's border with Haveri, this road passes through the towns of Ayanur, Arasalu and ends at Hulikal which is a town near the district's border with Udupi.
SH-48: (Kumta - Andhra Pradesh border): Starting from the district's border with Uttar Kannada, this road passes through the towns of Sorab and Shikaripura on to the district's border with Davangere.
Rail The rail network in Shivamogga district can be divided among two distinct railway lines that are present in it:
Birur-Shimoga broad gauge Line: This Broad Gauge (standard gauge used by Indian Railways) line starts from the district's border with Chikkamagaluru and runs through the Bhadravathi station to end at Shivamogga station. Numerous trains run from Bangalore and Mysore to Shivamogga on this line. Unfortunately, the broad gauge line ends to Shivamogga. This is the only Broad Gauge line in this district and serves only the Bhadravathi and Shivamogga Taluks. Other Taluks are still to reap the benefits of rail connectivity.
Shimoga-Talguppa meter gauge Line: This is the older gauge line used by Indian Railways. This line runs from Shivamogga Station; passes through the town of Sagar and ends at Talguppa station, just 12 km from the famous Jog Falls . This line was laid by the British in the year 1938, to serve a dual purpose of transporting wooden logs from Malnad forests and also providing access to the falls. Numerous celebrities have travelled on this line to catch a glimpse of the falls. The train that runs now on this track has a heritage associated with it. It consists of only 2 bogies and is in the form of a railbus. It is not a very popular way to reach the falls since it takes around 4 hours to reach Talguppa from Shimoga where as it takes just over an hour to cover the same distance by road. There is a proposal to convert this line into Broad Gauge and finally connect it to the Konkan Railway].
Air An Airport is under construction in sogane 6km from shivamogga city. Airports at Bangalore , Mangalore and Hubli can be used for reaching places in the Shivamogga district. However, district.
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